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Part 3: Using HashiCorp Packer to build a Windows Server VM template for VMware vSphere

HashiCorp Packer.exe is an open source tool for building identical Virtual machine golden images for various platforms from a single source configuration. Packer is lightweight, runs on every major operating system, and is highly efficient, creating Master/Base machine images for several platforms in parallel.

This is last and final (3rd) part of How to use HashiCorp Packer to automate and create a Windows Server Virtual Machine template on VMware vCenter server. You can refer to below article and they are prerequisite.

Part 1: Inject and install VMware Tools During Install by modifying Microsoft Windows ISO
Part 2: Configure IIS server to allow download .ISO files
Part 3: Using HashiCorp Packer to build a Windows Server VM template for VMware vSphere

Why above article Part 1 is necessary, because when I tried to install Virtual Machine Template on vCenter Server with HashiCorp Packer, It was getting stuck/freeze indefinitely at the stage vsphere-iso.windows: Waiting for IP.... This happens because of VMware tools are missing in the Windows OS inside Virtual machine and packer is not able to get IP from vCenter VM details as they are not exposed without VMTools. For this reason I modified and customized Windows Server ISO to add/inject/slipstream VMware tools. So it is installed by default with Windows OS installation.

Before starting I need modified ISO file's hash/checksum value, which I can get with below PowerShell command. I have downloaded this modified ISO file from web server locally as shown in Step 2.

Get-FileHash $env:USERPROFILE\Downloads\Modified_Windows_2022_SERVER_EVAL_x64FRE_en-us.iso

Algorithm       Hash                                                                   Path
---------       ----                                                                   ----
SHA256          BA5EAADBCD702FE8D41FB3FF5F713ACDE7B359467FC1EB6B8D8A3B44768663B9       C:\Users\demir\Downloads\Modifi…

Hashicorp packer.exe VMware vSphere vCenter esxi vcsa virtual machine vm template creation waiting for ip vmtx configuration http web server microsocft windows server modified iso vmware tools inject.png

To deploy the new unattended template file you will need to use below highlighted text code in red, same content are there in PowerShell file Build-WindowsTemplate.ps1. For Windows guest OS type check https://docs.vmware.com/en/VMware-HCX/4.6/hcx-user-guide/GUID-D4FFCBD6-9FEC-44E5-9E26-1BD0A2A81389.html and use required value, for ISO checksum use above PowerShell script and for ISO URL you will need to follow Step 2.

In my case it took me around 21 minutes to deploy a new VM template on vCenter with just single packer command from scratch with all the defined configurations and scripts.

In the posted zip script bundle, download and extract it. You will need to modify 2 files as per your infrastructure environment details in Build-WindowsTemplate.ps1, variables.auto.pkrvars.hcl. To execute packer build run script Build-WindowsTemplate.ps1.

packer build `
   -var='os_iso_checksum=BA5EAADBCD702FE8D41FB3FF5F713ACDE7B359467FC1EB6B8D8A3B44768663B9' `
   -var='os_iso_url=http://192.168.34.96/iso/Modified_Windows_2022_SERVER_EVAL_x64FRE_en-us.iso' `
   -var='vsphere_guest_os_type=windows2019srv_64Guest' `
   -var='vsphere_vm_name=Win2019_Template' `
   -var='autounattend_file=answer_files/autounattend.xml' .

vsphere-iso.windows: output will be in this color.

==> vsphere-iso.windows: Retrieving ISO
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Trying http://192.168.34.96/iso/Modified_Windows_2022_SERVER_EVAL_x64FRE_en-us.iso
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Trying http://192.168.34.96/iso/Modified_Windows_2022_SERVER_EVAL_x64FRE_en-us.iso?checksum=sha256%3Aba5eaadbcd702fe8d41fb3ff5f713acde7b359467fc1eb6b8d8a3b44768663b9
==> vsphere-iso.windows: http://192.168.34.96/iso/Modified_Windows_2022_SERVER_EVAL_x64FRE_en-us.iso?checksum=sha256%3Aba5eaadbcd702fe8d41fb3ff5f713acde7b359467fc1eb6b8d8a3b44768663b9 => C:\Users\demir\OneDrive\Script\packer\packer-windows-vsphere-iso\packer_cache\db05610218a8661090f0e0fad94ca0926b811798.iso
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Uploading db05610218a8661090f0e0fad94ca0926b811798.iso to packer_cache/db05610218a8661090f0e0fad94ca0926b811798.iso
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Creating VM...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Customizing hardware...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Mounting ISO images...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Adding configuration parameters...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Creating floppy disk...
    vsphere-iso.windows: Copying files flatly from floppy_files     
    vsphere-iso.windows: Copying file: answer_files/autounattend.xml
    vsphere-iso.windows: Copying file: setup/setup.ps1
    vsphere-iso.windows: Copying file: setup/appx.ps1
    vsphere-iso.windows: Done copying files from floppy_files
    vsphere-iso.windows: Collecting paths from floppy_dirs
    vsphere-iso.windows: Resulting paths from floppy_dirs : []
    vsphere-iso.windows: Done copying paths from floppy_dirs
    vsphere-iso.windows: Copying files from floppy_content
    vsphere-iso.windows: Done copying files from floppy_content
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Uploading created floppy image
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Adding generated Floppy...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Adding Floppy image...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Set boot order temporary...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Power on VM...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Waiting for IP...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: IP address: 192.168.1.107
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Using WinRM communicator to connect: 192.168.1.107
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Waiting for WinRM to become available...
    vsphere-iso.windows: WinRM connected.
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Connected to WinRM!
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Provisioning with windows-shell...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Provisioning with shell script: C:\Users\demir\AppData\Local\Temp\windows-shell-provisioner3478956416
    vsphere-iso.windows:
    vsphere-iso.windows: C:\Users\<sensitive>>dir c:\
    vsphere-iso.windows:  Volume in drive C is System
    vsphere-iso.windows:  Volume Serial Number is 7CAC-E9BC
    vsphere-iso.windows:
    vsphere-iso.windows:  Directory of c:\
    vsphere-iso.windows:
    vsphere-iso.windows: 05/08/2021  03:20 AM    <DIR>          PerfLogs
    vsphere-iso.windows: 05/13/2023  11:38 PM    <DIR>          Program Files
    vsphere-iso.windows: 05/13/2023  11:37 PM    <DIR>          Program Files (x86)
    vsphere-iso.windows: 05/06/2023  11:26 AM    <DIR>          Temp
    vsphere-iso.windows: 05/13/2023  11:38 PM    <DIR>          Users
    vsphere-iso.windows: 05/13/2023  11:37 PM    <DIR>          Windows
    vsphere-iso.windows:                0 File(s)              0 bytes
    vsphere-iso.windows:                6 Dir(s)  95,698,771,968 bytes free
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Shutting down VM...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Deleting Floppy drives...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Deleting Floppy image...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Eject CD-ROM drives...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Convert VM into template...
==> vsphere-iso.windows: Clear boot order...
Build 'vsphere-iso.windows' finished after 20 minutes 41 seconds.

==> Wait completed after 20 minutes 41 seconds

==> Builds finished. The artifacts of successful builds are:
--> vsphere-iso.windows: Win2019_Template

Get-Filehash sha256 Hashicorp packer.exe VMware vSphere vCenter esxi vcsa virtual machine vm template creation waiting for ip vmtx configuration http web server microsocft windows server modified iso vmware tools inject.png

You can verify new VM template is created on vCenter server, further you can test creating a new Virtual Machine from this template.

Vmware vsphere vCenter esxi install windows server autounattended filehash hashicorp packer.exe vm template creation configuration waiting for IP microsoft windows server customized ISO inject creation.png

Download here zip bundle for Packer script bundle for windows or this script is also available on github.com/janviudapi.

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##### .\answer_files\autounattend.xml #####

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<unattend xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:unattend">
    <settings pass="windowsPE">
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-International-Core-WinPE" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <SetupUILanguage>
                <UILanguage>en-US</UILanguage>
            </SetupUILanguage>
			<InputLocale>0409:00000409</InputLocale>
            <SystemLocale>en-US</SystemLocale>
            <UILanguage>en-US</UILanguage>
            <UILanguageFallback>en-US</UILanguageFallback>
            <UserLocale>en-US</UserLocale>
        </component>
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-PnpCustomizationsWinPE" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <DriverPaths>
                <PathAndCredentials wcm:action="add" wcm:keyValue="A">
                    <!-- pvscsi-Windows8.flp -->
                    <Path>B:\</Path>
                </PathAndCredentials>
            </DriverPaths>
        </component>
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-Setup" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <DiskConfiguration>
                <Disk wcm:action="add">
                    <CreatePartitions>
                        <CreatePartition wcm:action="add">
                            <Size>250</Size>
                            <Order>1</Order>
                            <Type>Primary</Type>
                        </CreatePartition>
                        <CreatePartition wcm:action="add">
                            <Order>2</Order>
                            <Extend>true</Extend>
                            <Type>Primary</Type>
                        </CreatePartition>
                    </CreatePartitions>
                    <ModifyPartitions>
                        <ModifyPartition wcm:action="add">
                            <Order>1</Order>
                            <PartitionID>1</PartitionID>
                            <Format>NTFS</Format>
                            <Label>Boot</Label>
                            <Active>true</Active>
                        </ModifyPartition>
                        <ModifyPartition wcm:action="add">
                            <Order>2</Order>
                            <PartitionID>2</PartitionID>
                            <Format>NTFS</Format>
                            <Label>System</Label>
                        </ModifyPartition>
                    </ModifyPartitions>
                    <DiskID>0</DiskID>
                    <WillWipeDisk>true</WillWipeDisk>
                </Disk>
            </DiskConfiguration>
            <ImageInstall>
                <OSImage>
                    <InstallFrom>
                        <MetaData wcm:action="add">
                            <Key>/IMAGE/INDEX</Key>
                            <Value>4</Value>
                        </MetaData>
                    </InstallFrom>
                    <InstallTo>
                        <DiskID>0</DiskID>
                        <PartitionID>2</PartitionID>
                    </InstallTo>
                    <WillShowUI>OnError</WillShowUI>
                    <InstallToAvailablePartition>false</InstallToAvailablePartition>
                </OSImage>
            </ImageInstall>
            <UserData>
			    <AcceptEula>true</AcceptEula>
                <!--
                <ProductKey>
                    <WillShowUI>Never</WillShowUI>
                    <Key>WX4NM-KYWYW-QJJR4-XV3QB-6VM33</Key>
                </ProductKey>
                -->
            </UserData>
        </component>
    </settings>
    <settings pass="offlineServicing">
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-LUA-Settings" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <!-- Disable user account control -->
            <EnableLUA>false</EnableLUA>
        </component>
    </settings>
    <settings pass="specialize">
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-Shell-Setup" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <TimeZone>Central Standard Time</TimeZone>
        </component>

		<component name="Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-LocalSessionManager" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <fDenyTSConnections>false</fDenyTSConnections>
        </component>
        <component name="Networking-MPSSVC-Svc" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <FirewallGroups>
                <FirewallGroup wcm:action="add" wcm:keyValue="RemoteDesktop">
                    <Active>true</Active>
                    <Group>Remote Desktop</Group>
                    <Profile>all</Profile>
                </FirewallGroup>
            </FirewallGroups>
        </component>
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-RDP-WinStationExtensions" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <SecurityLayer>2</SecurityLayer>
            <UserAuthentication>1</UserAuthentication>
        </component>
		<component name="Microsoft-Windows-ServerManager-SvrMgrNc" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <DoNotOpenServerManagerAtLogon>true</DoNotOpenServerManagerAtLogon>
        </component>
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-OutOfBoxExperience" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <DoNotOpenInitialConfigurationTasksAtLogon>true</DoNotOpenInitialConfigurationTasksAtLogon>
        </component>
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-Security-SPP-UX" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <SkipAutoActivation>true</SkipAutoActivation>
        </component>
    </settings>
    <settings pass="oobeSystem">
        <component name="Microsoft-Windows-Shell-Setup" processorArchitecture="amd64" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" language="neutral" versionScope="nonSxS" xmlns:wcm="http://schemas.microsoft.com/WMIConfig/2002/State" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
            <AutoLogon>
                <Password>
                    <Value>vagrant</Value>
                    <PlainText>true</PlainText>
                </Password>
                <LogonCount>2</LogonCount>
                <Username>vagrant</Username>
                <Enabled>true</Enabled>
            </AutoLogon>
            <FirstLogonCommands>
                <SynchronousCommand wcm:action="add">
                    <CommandLine>%SystemRoot%\System32\reg.exe ADD HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced\ /v HideFileExt /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f</CommandLine>
                    <Order>1</Order>
                    <Description>Show file extensions in Explorer</Description>
                </SynchronousCommand>
                <SynchronousCommand wcm:action="add">
                    <CommandLine>cmd.exe /c wmic useraccount where "name='vagrant'" set PasswordExpires=FALSE</CommandLine>
                    <Order>2</Order>
                    <Description>Disable password expiration for vagrant user</Description>
                </SynchronousCommand>
                <SynchronousCommand wcm:action="add">
                    <Order>3</Order>
                    <CommandLine>powershell -ExecutionPolicy Bypass -File a:\setup.ps1</CommandLine>
                    <Description>Enable WinRM service</Description>
                    <RequiresUserInput>true</RequiresUserInput>
                </SynchronousCommand>
            </FirstLogonCommands>
            <OOBE>
                <HideEULAPage>true</HideEULAPage>
                <HideLocalAccountScreen>true</HideLocalAccountScreen>
                <HideOEMRegistrationScreen>true</HideOEMRegistrationScreen>
                <HideOnlineAccountScreens>true</HideOnlineAccountScreens>
                <HideWirelessSetupInOOBE>true</HideWirelessSetupInOOBE>
                <NetworkLocation>Home</NetworkLocation>
                <ProtectYourPC>1</ProtectYourPC>
            </OOBE>
            <UserAccounts>
                <AdministratorPassword>
                    <Value>vagrant</Value>
                    <PlainText>true</PlainText>
                </AdministratorPassword>
                <LocalAccounts>
                    <LocalAccount wcm:action="add">
                        <Password>
                            <Value>vagrant</Value>
                            <PlainText>true</PlainText>
                        </Password>
                        <Group>administrators</Group>
                        <DisplayName>vagrant</DisplayName>
                        <Name>vagrant</Name>
                        <Description>Vagrant User</Description>
                    </LocalAccount>
                </LocalAccounts>
            </UserAccounts>
        </component>
    </settings>
    <cpi:offlineImage cpi:source="wim:c:/wims/install.wim#Windows Server 2022 SERVERDATACENTER" xmlns:cpi="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:cpi" />
</unattend>

##### .\setup\appx.ps1 #####

Get-AppXPackage | Where {($_.NonRemovable -eq $false) -and ($_.IsFramework -eq $false)} | Remove-AppXPackage -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue

##### .\setup\setup.ps1 #####

$ErrorActionPreference = "Stop"

# Switch network connection to private mode
# Required for WinRM firewall rules
$profile = Get-NetConnectionProfile
Set-NetConnectionProfile -Name $profile.Name -NetworkCategory Private

# WinRM Configure
winrm quickconfig -quiet
winrm set winrm/config/service '@{AllowUnencrypted="true"}'
winrm set winrm/config/service/auth '@{Basic="true"}'
netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="Windows Remote Managment (HTTP-In)" dir=in action=allow protocol=TCP localport=5985

# Reset auto logon count
# https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-hardware/customize/desktop/unattend/microsoft-windows-shell-setup-autologon-logoncount#logoncount-known-issue
Set-ItemProperty -Path 'HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon' -Name AutoLogonCount -Value 0

##### variables.auto.pkvars.hcl #####

# Name or IP of you vCenter Server
vsphere_server          = "marvel.vcloud-lab.com"
# vsphere username
vsphere_username        = "[email protected]"
# vsphere password
vsphere_password        = "Computer@123"

# vsphere datacenter name
vsphere_datacenter      = "Asgard"
# name or IP of the ESXi host
vsphere_host            = "marvel.vcloud-lab.com"
# vsphere network
vsphere_network         = "VM Network"
# vsphere datastore
vsphere_datastore       = "StarLord_Datastore01"

# datastore path to the vmtools iso file (You can download VMware Tools packages for Windows here (.zip file): https://customerconnect.vmware.com/en/downloads/details?downloadGroup=VMTOOLS1135&productId=1073&rPId=74478)
vmtools_iso_path        = "[StarLord_Datastore01] iso/windows.iso"

# datastore path to the floppy image for virtual iSCSI drivers (part of VM Tools, see above) 
floppy_pvscsi           = "[StarLord_Datastore01] floppies/pvscsi-Windows8.flp"

# Windows username (created in autounattend.xml. If you change it here the please also adjust in all autounattend.xml)
winrm_password          = "vagrant"
# Windows password (created in autounattend.xml. If you change it here the please also adjust in all autounattend.xml)
winrm_username          = "vagrant"

##### windows.pkr.hcl #####
packer {
  required_plugins {
    vsphere = {
      version = ">= 0.0.1"
      source = "github.com/hashicorp/vsphere"
    }

    # if you would like to automatically install window updates, then uncomment
    # the following section. Please also uncomment Line 163-170

    # windows-update = {
    #   version = "0.14.0"
    #   source = "github.com/rgl/windows-update"
    # }

  }
}

variable "autounattend_file" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "cpu_num" {
  type    = number
  default = 2
}

variable "disk_size" {
  type    = number
  default = 102400
}

variable "mem_size" {
  type    = number
  default = 4096
}

variable "os_iso_checksum" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "os_iso_url" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vmtools_iso_path" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "floppy_pvscsi" {
  type = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_datastore" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_datacenter" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_guest_os_type" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_host" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_password" {
  type      = string
  default   = ""
  sensitive = true
}

variable "vsphere_network" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_server" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_vm_name" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "vsphere_username" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

variable "winrm_password" {
  type      = string
  default   = ""
  sensitive = true
}

variable "winrm_username" {
  type    = string
  default = ""
}

source "vsphere-iso" "windows" {

  vcenter_server        = "${var.vsphere_server}"
  host                  = "${var.vsphere_host}"
  username              = "${var.vsphere_username}"
  password              = "${var.vsphere_password}"
  insecure_connection  = "true"
  datacenter            = "${var.vsphere_datacenter}"
  datastore             = "${var.vsphere_datastore}"

  CPUs                  = "${var.cpu_num}"
  RAM                   = "${var.mem_size}"
  RAM_reserve_all       = true
  disk_controller_type  = ["pvscsi"]
  # firmware             = "bios"
  floppy_files          = ["${var.autounattend_file}", "setup/setup.ps1", "setup/appx.ps1"]
  floppy_img_path       = "${var.floppy_pvscsi}"
  guest_os_type         = "${var.vsphere_guest_os_type}"
  iso_checksum          = "${var.os_iso_checksum}"
  iso_url               = "${var.os_iso_url}"
  iso_paths             = ["${var.vmtools_iso_path}"]

  network_adapters {
    network             = "${var.vsphere_network}"
    network_card        = "vmxnet3"
  }

  storage {
    disk_size             = "${var.disk_size}"
    disk_thin_provisioned = true
  }

  vm_name               = "${var.vsphere_vm_name}"
  convert_to_template   = "true"
  communicator          = "winrm"
  winrm_username        = "${var.winrm_username}"
  winrm_password        = "${var.winrm_password}"
  winrm_timeout         = "3h"

  shutdown_timeout      = "60m"

  ip_wait_timeout       = "3h"
  ip_settle_timeout     = "2m"
}

build {
  sources = ["source.vsphere-iso.windows"]

  # if you would like to automatically install window updates, then uncomment
  # the following section. Please also uncomment Line 11-14

  # provisioner "windows-update" {
  #   search_criteria = "IsInstalled=0"
  #   filters = [
  #     "exclude:$_.Title -like '*Preview*'",
  #     "include:$true",
  #   ]
  #   update_limit = 25
  # }

  provisioner "windows-shell" {
    inline = ["dir c:\\"]
  }
}

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