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VMware.PowerCLI install update error - Install-Package: Authenticode issuer

I had a project to automate and upgrade VMware infrastructure. I had given few of the basic tasks to my fellow juniors to update VMware.PowerCLI modules on few servers and run script on the systems. But while upgrading VMware PowerCLI they were receiving below errors. 

PackageManagement\Install-Package : Authenticode issuer 'CN=DigiCert Trusted Root G4, OU=www.digicert.com, O=DigiCert
Inc, C=US' of the new module 'VMware.VimAutomation.Sdk' with version '12.5.0.19093564' is not matching with the
authenticode issuer 'CN=VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G5, OU="(c) 2006 VeriSign, Inc. -
For authorized use only", OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US' of the previously-installed module
'VMware.VimAutomation.Sdk' with version '12.2.0.17531155'. If you still want to install or update, use
-SkipPublisherCheck parameter.
At C:\Program Files\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\PowerShellGet\1.0.0.1\PSModule.psm1:1809 char:21
+ ...          $null = PackageManagement\Install-Package @PSBoundParameters
+                      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : InvalidOperation: (Microsoft.Power....InstallPackage:InstallPackage) [Install-Package],
   Exception
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : AuthenticodeIssuerMismatch,Validate-ModuleAuthenticodeSignature,Microsoft.PowerShell.Pac
   kageManagement.Cmdlets.InstallPackage

Install-Package: Authenticode issuer 'E=noreply@vmware.com, CN="VMware, Inc.", O="VMware, Inc.", L=Palo Alto, S=California, C=US' of the
new module 'VMware.VimAutomation.Sdk' with version '12.5.0.19093564' from root certificate authority 'CN=DigiCert
Trusted Root G4, OU=www.digicert.com, O=DigiCert Inc, C=US' is not matching with the authenticode issuer 'CN="VMware,
Inc.", O="VMware, Inc.", L=Palo Alto, S=California, C=US' of the previously-installed module 'VMware.VimAutomation.Sdk'
with version '12.2.0.17531155' from root certificate authority 'CN=VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification
Authority - G5, OU="(c) 2006 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.",
C=US'. If you still want to install or update, use -SkipPublisherCheck parameter.

To troubleshoot the issue I checked the existing installed module version of VMware.PowerCLI on the system, and checked/compaired the available version online on the psgallery, I found I have outdated VMware.PowerCLI PowerShell module installed on the system. 

Microsoft Powershell VMware PowerCLI vsphere vcenter server esxi get-module packagement listavailable prerelesase moduletype update-module install-mdoule find-module psgallary manifest.png

When tried to update it with Update-Module command I was receiving error. I tried to Install module but receiving another error as below.

PS C:\Users\labev> Get-Module VMware.PowerCLI -ListAvailable

    Directory: C:\Program Files\WindowsPowerShell\Modules

ModuleType Version    PreRelease Name                                PSEdition ExportedCommands
---------- -------    ---------- ----                                --------- ----------------
Manifest   12.3.0.17…            VMware.PowerCLI                     Desk

PS C:\Users\labev> Find-Module VMware.PowerCLI

Version              Name                                Repository           Description
-------              ----                                ----------           -----------
12.5.0.19195797      VMware.PowerCLI                     PSGallery            This Windows PowerShell module contains …

PS C:\Users\labev> Update-Module VMware.PowerCLI -Force
Update-Module: Module 'VMware.PowerCLI' was not installed by using Install-Module, so it cannot be updated.
PS C:\Users\labev> Install-Module VMware.PowerCLI -Force
Install-Package: Authenticode issuer 'E=noreply@vmware.com, CN="VMware, Inc.", O="VMware, Inc.", L=Palo Alto, S=California, C=US' of the
new module 'VMware.VimAutomation.Sdk' with version '12.5.0.19093564' from root certificate authority 'CN=DigiCert
Trusted Root G4, OU=www.digicert.com, O=DigiCert Inc, C=US' is not matching with the authenticode issuer 'CN="VMware,
Inc.", O="VMware, Inc.", L=Palo Alto, S=California, C=US' of the previously-installed module 'VMware.VimAutomation.Sdk'
with version '12.2.0.17531155' from root certificate authority 'CN=VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification
Authority - G5, OU="(c) 2006 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", OU=VeriSign Trust Network, O="VeriSign, Inc.",
C=US'. If you still want to install or update, use -SkipPublisherCheck parameter.

This issue can be resolved deleting modules from the Powershell modules folder inside Program Files. Once the modules folder for Vmware are deleted try installing modules again, You can also mention the modules installation scope.

Microsoft Powershell core windows powershell modules VMware.PowerCLi vimautomation.core vumautomation cis cloud hcx nsxt imagebuilder deployautomation install-module.png

I needed the old version of PowerCLI so I used parameter -SkipPublisherCheck while installing module. and I got 2 versions of PowerCLI now one is under Program Files and another under users documents.

Vmware vSphere vcenter esxi install-module vmware.powerCLI skippublishercheck force get-module -listavailable psedition desk manifest moduletype exportedcommands error authenticode publisher install-package.png

PS C:\Users\labev> Install-Module -Name VMware.PowerCLI -SkipPublisherCheck -Force
PS C:\Users\labev>
PS C:\Users\labev> Get-Module VMware.PowerCLI -ListAvailable

    Directory: C:\Users\labev\Documents\PowerShell\Modules

ModuleType Version    PreRelease Name                                PSEdition ExportedCommands
---------- -------    ---------- ----                                --------- ----------------
Manifest   12.5.0.19…            VMware.PowerCLI                     Desk

    Directory: C:\Program Files\WindowsPowerShell\Modules

ModuleType Version    PreRelease Name                                PSEdition ExportedCommands
---------- -------    ---------- ----                                --------- ----------------
Manifest   12.3.0.17…            VMware.PowerCLI                     Desk

If I check the current version of PowerCLI it shows it is using latest download and installed version. This gives preference to module installed under current user account.

Microsoft Powershell, VMware.PowerCLI VMware common Powercli components cis core vimautomation vicore build get-powercliversion.png

PS C:\Users\labev> Get-PowerCLIVersion
WARNING: Please consider joining the VMware Customer Experience Improvement Program, so you can help us make PowerCLI a better product. You can join using the following command:

Set-PowerCLIConfiguration -Scope User -ParticipateInCEIP $true

VMware's Customer Experience Improvement Program ("CEIP") provides VMware with information that enables VMware to improve its products and services, to fix problems, and to advise you on how best to deploy and use our products.  As part of the CEIP, VMware collects technical information about your organization’s use of VMware products and services on a regular basis in association with your organization’s VMware license key(s).  This information does not personally identify any individual.

For more details: type "help about_ceip" to see the related help article.

To disable this warning and set your preference use the following command and restart PowerShell:
Set-PowerCLIConfiguration -Scope User -ParticipateInCEIP $true or $false.
WARNING: The cmdlet "Get-PowerCLIVersion" is deprecated. Please use the 'Get-Module' cmdlet instead.

PowerCLI Version
----------------
   VMware.PowerCLI 12.5.0 build 19195797
---------------
Component Versions
---------------
   VMware Common PowerCLI Component 12.5 build 19093563
   VMware Cis Core PowerCLI Component PowerCLI Component 12.5 build 19093567
   VMware VimAutomation VICore Commands PowerCLI Component PowerCLI Component 12.5 build 19093566

PS C:\Users\labev>

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